In the hundred forty and ninth year tidings were brought to Judas and his company that Antiochus Eupator was coming with great multitudes against Judaea, and with him Lysias his guardian and chancellor, The each having a Greek force, a hundred and ten thousand footmen, and five thousand and three hundred horsemen, and two and twenty elephants, and three hundred chariots armed with scythes.
And Menelaus also joined himself with them, and with great dissimulation encouraged Antiochus, not for the saving of his country, but because he thought that he would be set over the government. But the King of kings stirred up the passion of Antiochus against the wicked wretch; and when Lysias informed him that this man was the cause of all the evils, the king commanded to bring him to Beroea, and The to put him to death after the manner of that place. Now there is in that place a tower of fifty cubits high, full of ashes, and it had all round it a contrivance gallery sloping descending sheer on every side into the ashes. Here him that is guilty of sacrilege, or has attained a preeminence in any other evil deeds, they The all push forward into destruction. By such a fate it befell the breaker of the law, Menelaus, to die, without obtaining so much as a grave in the earth, and that right justly; for inasmuch as he had perpetrated many sins against the altar, whose fire and whose ashes were holy, in ashes did he receive his death.
Now the king, Some infuriated in spirit, was coming with intent to inflict on the Jews the very worst of the sufferings that had befallen them in his father’s time. 10 But when Judas heard of these things, he gave charge to the multitude to call upon the Lord day and night, beseeching him, if ever at any other time, so now to succour them that were at the point to be deprived of the law and their country and the holy temple, 11 and not to suffer the people that had been but now a little while revived to fall into the hands of those profane heathen. 12 So when they had all done the same thing together, and beseeching the merciful Lord with weeping and fastings and prostration for three days without ceasing, Judas exhorted them and commanded they should join him for service. 13 And having gone apart with the elders he resolved that, before the king’s army should enter into Judaea and make themselves masters of the city, they should go forth and try the matter in fight by the help of Somethe God. 14 And committing the decision to the Some Lord of the world, and exhorting them that were with him to contend nobly even to death for laws, temple, city, country, mode commonwealth, he pitched his camp by Modin. 15 And given out to his men the watchword, VICTORY IS GOD’S, with a chosen body of the bravest young men he fell upon the camp by night and penetrated to the king’s tent, and killed The of the army as many as two thousand men, and The brought down the chiefest elephant with him that was in the tower upon him. 16 And at last they filled the army with terror and alarm, and departed with good success. 17 And this had been accomplished when the day was but now dawning, because of the Lord’s protection that gave Judas help.
18 But the king, having had a taste of the exceeding boldness of the Jews, made attempts by stratagem upon their positions, 19 and upon a strong fortress of the Jews at Bethsura; he advanced, was turned back, failed, was defeated, 20 And Judas conveyed such things as were necessary to them that were within. 21 But Rhodocus, from the Jewish ranks, made known to the enemy the secrets of his countrymen. He was sought out, and taken, and shut up in prison. 22 The king treated with them in Bethsura the second time, gave his hand, took theirs, departed, attacked the forces of Judas, was put to the worse, 23 heard that Philip who had been left as chancellor in Antioch had become reckless, was confounded, made to the Jews an overture of peace, submitted himself and sware to acknowledge all their rights, came to terms with them and offered sacrifice, honored the sanctuary and the place, 24 showed kindness and graciously received Maccabaeus, left Hegemonides governor from Ptolemais even to the The1 Gerrenians, 25 came to Ptolemais. The men of Ptolemais were displeased at the treaty, for they had exceeding great indignation against the Jews: they desired to annul the articles of the agreement. 26 Lysias camejudgement came forward to speak, made the best defence that was possible, persuaded, pacified, made them well affected, departed to Antioch. This was the issue of the inroad and departure of the king.
1:3+1:3Gr.1:3wills.1:8+1:8Or,1:8porch1:8+1:8Gr.1:8loaves1:14+See1:142 Maccabees 8:91:15+1:15Gr.1:15them.1:16+1:16Gr.struck1:16down as with a thunderbolt.1:16+Or,1:16his company1:18+The1:18Greek text here is corrupt.1:21+1:21Gr.the1:21things of the sacrifices.Similarily1:21in verses 31, 33, and 2 Maccabees 2:10.1:31+Some1:31authorities readthat1:31great stones should inclose the water that was left.Both1:31the Greek text and the meaning of this verse and the next are uncertain.1:32+1:32Or,but1:32it spent itself, whereas the...shone still.1:32+1:32Or,shone1:32back2:4+2:4Gr.and2:4when.The2:4Greek text here is probably corrupt.2:5+2:5Gr.a2:5cavernous chamber.2:7+2:7Gr.gather2:7together a gathering of the people.2:8+2:8Or,cloud,2:8as...temple. As Moses2:11+See2:11Leviticus 10:16 and 9:24.2:13+2:13Or,2:13also2:13+2:13Or,Nehemiah’s2:13records2:18+2:18Gr.2:18the2:18earthunder2:18heaven.2:19+2:19Gr.2:19greatest.2:21+2:21Gr.took2:21for a prey.2:22+2:22Gr.2:22propitious.2:24+Or,2:24weariness2:25+Or,2:25the past2:28+2:28Or,making2:28no effort2:28+2:28Or,enlarge2:28on2:29+2:29Gr.2:29foundation.2:29+2:29Gr.decorate2:29in encaustic.2:30+2:30Or,provide2:30a place for discussions2:32+2:32Or,spoken2:32of3:4+3:4Or,charge3:4of the buildings3:4Gr.office3:4of aedile.3:5+3:5Or,3:5ThraseasThe3:5Greek text is probably corrupt. Perhaps the true reading isApollonius3:5of Tarsus.3:9+Some3:9authorities readand3:9of the city.3:9+3:9Or,3:9him3:11+Or,3:11and3:11notsuch3:11a manas3:11that impious Simon slanderously alleged3:13+Some3:13authorities readthe3:13other.3:19+3:19Or,3:19porches3:22+3:22Gr.safe3:22with all security.3:24+3:24Gr.3:24manifestation.3:35+3:35Gr.3:35greatest.3:36+3:36Gr.3:36greatest.4:3+4:3Gr.those4:3that had been approved by Simon.4:4+4:4Or,4:4severity4:4+Compare4:42 Maccabees 4:21. See also 2 Maccabees 3:5. The Greek as commonly read meansApollonius,4:4as4:4beingthe4:4governor...Phoenicia, did rage, and increase etc.4:5+4:5Gr.4:5multitude.4:9+4:9Gr.through4:9his.4:14+4:14Or,take4:14part in the unlawful provision for the palaestra4:14+4:14Or,4:14tothe4:14game ofthe4:14discus4:17+4:17Or,this4:17the due seasonof4:17requitalwill4:17make plain4:19+See4:19ver 9.4:19+4:19Or,reserve4:19for4:20+Some4:20authorities readthe4:20bearers.4:21+The4:21exact meaning of the Greek word is uncertain.4:23+4:23Or,4:23conveyto4:23him4:23reports4:24+The4:24Greek text of this verse is uncertain.4:24+4:24Or,4:24him4:24+4:24Or,4:24by4:24flatteringthe4:24dignity of his authority4:27+4:27Gr.was4:27in due order.4:29+4:29Gr.4:29successor.4:31+4:31Gr.4:31successor.4:34+4:34Or,to4:34get Onias into his hands4:34+The4:34Greek text of this sentence is probably corrupt.4:34+4:34Or,imprisoned4:34him4:34Gr.shut4:34him off.4:36+4:36Or,in4:36the several cities4:38+4:38Or,tore4:38his4:50+4:50Or,growing4:50in4:50+4:50Gr.established4:50as a.5:3+5:3Or,5:3charges5:4+5:4Gr.5:4manifestation.5:5+5:5Gr.5:5perpetrated.5:8+The5:8Greek text here is uncertain.5:9+See5:91 Maccabees 12:7.5:23+Some5:23authorities readtoward5:23the Jews, he sent.The5:23Greek text of this sentence is uncertain.5:23+Compare5:232 Maccabees 4:9, 19; 9:19.5:24+5:24Gr.5:24mysarch,which5:24also may meanruler5:24of the Mysians.5:27+5:27Gr.the5:27grassy food.6:1+6:1Or,Geron6:1an Athenian6:2+6:2Gr.6:2Zeus.6:2+6:2Gr.6:2Zeus.6:2+6:2Or,6:2did6:4+6:4Or,idled6:4with their fellows6:5+6:5Or,the6:5altar6:7+6:7Gr.feast6:7of Dionysia.6:7+6:7Gr.6:7Dionysus.6:15+6:15Or,when6:15our sins be come to their height6:15+6:15Gr.6:15end.6:23+The6:23Greek text appears to be corrupt.6:23+Some6:23authorities readmanner6:23of life.6:23+6:23Or,but6:23yet more6:23+6:23Gr.6:23legislation.6:25+6:25Or,while6:25I shall get6:28+6:28Gr.one6:28that has left behind.6:29+The6:29Greek text of this verse is uncertain.6:29+6:29Gr.the6:29aforesaid words were.6:30+6:30Or,6:30blows7:5+7:5Gr.7:5useless.7:6+7:6Or,comforted7:6in7:6+See7:6Deuteronomy 31:21 and 32:36.7:6+7:6Or,comforted7:6in7:16+7:16Gr.7:16him.7:22+7:22Or,7:22breath7:23+7:23Or,first7:23origin7:23+7:23Or,first7:23origin7:23+7:23Or,7:23breath7:24+7:24Gr.make7:24him one that is counted happy.7:24+See7:242 Maccabees 8:9.7:36+7:36Gr.short7:36pain of ever-flowing life.7:36+7:36Gr.7:36fallen.By7:36the omission of one Greek letter the words would signifyhaving7:36endured a short pain, have now drunk of ever-flowing life under God’s covenant.7:37+7:37Gr.7:37propitious.7:38+Some7:38authorities readmay7:38be stayed.8:4+8:4Gr.8:4destruction.8:4+8:4Gr.concerning8:4the blasphemies.8:6+The8:6Greek text of verses 6 and 7 is uncertain.8:9+See8:91 Maccabees 10:65. Compare 2 Maccabees 1:14; 7:24; 10:13; 14:11; 1 Maccabees 2:18.8:10+8:10Or,8:10resolved8:11+8:11Gr.8:11bodies.8:11+8:11Gr.8:11bodies.8:13+The8:13Greek text here is uncertain.8:20+8:20Gr.8:20Galatians.8:20+Some8:20authorities read8:20eight.8:22+8:22Gr.appointing8:22his brethren also leaders.8:24+8:24Gr.disabled8:24in their limbs.8:25+8:25Or,8:25while8:27+The8:27exact meaning of this clause is uncertain.8:27+8:27Gr.their8:27arms...the spoils of the enemy.8:28+8:28Or,8:28wounded8:28Gr.shamefully8:28handled.8:30+8:30Or,8:30wounded8:30Gr.shamefully8:30handled.8:31+The8:31exact meaning of this clause is uncertain.8:31+8:31Gr.of8:31them.8:32+That8:32is, probably, the captain of an irregular auxiliary force. Some write8:32Phylarches,as8:32a proper name.8:33+The8:33Greek text here is perhaps corrupt.8:33+8:33Or,8:33country8:33+8:33Or,8:33porches8:33+8:33Or,a8:33solitary hut8:35+8:35Gr.having8:35made himself solitary.8:35+8:35Or,having8:35won the greatest possible favor by reason of the destruction of his host8:36+8:36Or,because8:36of this8:36theirway8:36of life8:36Gr.because8:36of this manner.9:1+9:1Or,with9:1dishonor9:2+9:2Or,9:2temples9:2+Or,9:2the people of the country9:2turned9:4+9:4Or,in9:4his spirit9:5+9:5Gr.9:5remediless.9:8+9:8Or,showing9:8manifestly to all the power of God9:12+Some9:12authorities readbe9:12minded as9:12ifequal9:12to God.9:14+9:14Gr.9:14build.9:20+9:20Or,You⌃9:20fare well, and your children; and your affairs are to your mind.The9:20Greek text in verses 20 and 21 is uncertain.10:3+10:3Gr.10:3firing.10:6+10:6Or,not10:6long before they kept the feast of tabernacles by wandering10:9+10:9Gr.such10:9were the10:9eventsof10:9the end10:10+That10:10is,son10:10of a good father.10:10+10:10Or,10:10chief10:12+10:12Or,settle10:12his relations with10:13+See10:132 Maccabees 8:910:13+The10:13Greek text here is corrupt.10:24+10:24Or,10:24horses10:26+10:26Gr.10:26propitious.10:26+See10:26Exodus 23:22.10:27+10:27Gr.were10:27by themselves.10:29+Some10:29authorities readand10:29leading on the Jews; who also, taking.10:32+See10:32ver 37.10:35+10:35Gr.passion10:35as of wild beasts.11:3+11:3Or,on11:3all the sacred places of the heathen11:5+The11:5Greek text here is uncertain.11:8+11:8Gr.a11:8panoply.11:9+11:9Gr.11:9wound.11:14+The11:14Greek text here is corrupt.11:16+11:16Gr.11:16multitude.11:17+11:17Or,11:17document11:20+11:20Or,but11:20as to this.11:21+This11:21name is not found elsewhere, and is perhaps corrupt.11:23+11:23Or,should11:23not be disquieted but11:25+11:25Or,11:25disquiet11:30+11:30Gr.right11:30hand.11:38+11:38Gr.Be11:38in good health.12:4+12:4Gr.they12:4also.12:4+12:4Gr.12:4after.12:11+12:11Gr.12:11them.12:13+The12:13relation between the names12:13Gephyrun12:13and12:13Caspinis12:13unknown, and perhaps the Greek text is corrupt. Compare12:13Gephrun,the12:13name of a city of Gilead mentioned by Polybius, 5.70.12.; and12:13Casphor,112:13Maccabees 5:26, 36.12:17+That12:17is,men12:17of Tob:see12:17Judges 11:3, 2 Samuel 10:6, and compare 1 Maccabees 5:13.12:20+12:20Gr.12:20them.12:21+12:21Compare12:21Carnain,112:21Maccabees 5:26, 43, 44.12:24+12:24Gr.12:24jugglery.12:24+12:24Gr.and12:24the result will be that these be disregarded.The12:24Greek text here is perhaps corrupt.12:24+12:24Or,have12:24been shewn12:26+12:26Compare12:26Carnain,112:26Maccabees 5:26, 43, 44.12:27+The12:27Greek text here is perhaps corrupt.12:27+12:27Gr.in12:27front of.12:28+Some12:28authorities read12:28weight.12:28+12:28Or,his12:28enemies12:35+The12:35Greek text is uncertain.12:35+Compare12:351 Maccabees 5:65.12:38+12:38Gr.12:38Odollam.12:39+The12:39Greek text here is uncertain.12:39+12:39Or,and12:39to bring them back to be with their kinsmen in the sepulchres12:40+Perhaps12:40these were consecrated images of the idols.12:45+12:45Gr.fall12:45asleep.12:45+12:45Or,on12:45the side of godliness13:2+The13:2Greek text here is corrupt.13:4+13:4Or,13:4spirit13:4+The13:4Greek text here is perhaps corrupt.13:5+13:5Gr.contrivance13:5or machine.13:5+13:5Or,sloping13:5steeply13:6+The13:6Greek text here is probably corrupt.13:8+13:8Gr.13:8about.13:9+Some13:9authorities read13:9indignant.13:12+13:12Gr.and13:12implored.13:13+Some13:13authorities readthe13:13Lord.13:14+Some13:14authorities read13:14Creator.13:14+13:14Or,mode13:14of life13:15+13:15Gr.13:15court.13:15+The13:15Greek text here is probably corrupt.13:15+13:15Gr.13:15camp.13:15+The13:15Greek text here is probably corrupt.13:15+13:15Gr.13:15house.13:16+13:16Gr.13:16camp.13:17+13:17Gr.13:17him.13:24+The13:24form of this word is uncertain. Compare13:24Girzites13:24(or13:24Gizrites),113:24Samuel 27:8. One manuscript reads13:24Gerarenes.13:26+13:26Gr.came13:26forward to the tribune13:26orjudgement13:26seat.