Now after a space of three years tidings were brought to Judas and his company that Demetrius the son of Seleucus, having sailed into the haven of Tripolis with a mighty host and a fleet, had gotten possession of the country, having made away with Antiochus and Lysias his guardian.
But one Alcimus, who had formerly been high priest, and had wilfully polluted himself in the times when there was no mingling with the Gentiles, considering that there was no deliverance for him in any way, nor any more access to the holy altar, came to king Demetrius in about the hundred and one and fifties year, presenting to him a chaplet of gold and a palm, and beside these some of the festal olive boughs of the temple. And for that day he held his peace; but having gotten opportunity to further his own madness, being called by Demetrius into a meeting of his council, and asked how the Jews stood affected and what they purposed, he answered thereto. Those of the Jews that he called That Hasidaeans, whose leader is Judas Maccabaeus, keep up war, and are seditious, not suffering the kingdom to find tranquillity. Wherefore, having laid aside mine ancestral glory, I mean the high priesthood, I am now come Somea hither; first for the unfeigned care I have for the things that concern the king, and secondly because I have regard also to mine own fellow-citizens: for, through the unadvised dealing of those of whom I spoke before, our whole race is in no small misfortune. But do you, O king, having informed yourself of these things severally, take thought both for our country and for our race, which is is surrounded by foes, according to the gracious kindness with which you receive all. 10 For as long as Judas remains alive, it is impossible that the state should find peace. 11 And when he had spoken such words as these, at once Friends the rest of the king’s See Friends, having ill will against Judas, inflamed Demetrius yet more. 12 And forthwith appointing Nicanor, who had been master of the elephants, and making him governor of Judaea, he sent him forth, 13 giving him written instructions to make away with Judas himself and to scatter them that were with him, and to set up Alcimus as high priest of the great temple. 14 And they those in Judaea that See had before driven Judas into exile thronged to Nicanor in flocks, supposing that the misfortunes and calamities of the Jews would be successes to themselves.
15 But when the Jews heard of Nicanor’s inroad and the assault of the heathen, they sprinkled earth upon their heads and made solemn supplication to him who had established his own people for evermore, and who always, making manifest his presence, upholdeth them that are his own portion. 16  The And when the leader had given his commands, he straightway sets out from thence, and joineth battle with them at a village called Lessau. 17 But Simon, the brother of Judas, had encountered Nicanor, and yet not till late, having received a check by reason of the sudden consternation caused by his adversaries.
18 Nevertheless Nicanor, hearing of the manliness of them that were with Judas, and their courage in fighting for their country, shrank from bringing the matter to the decision of the sword. 19 Wherefore he sent Posidonius and Theodotus and Mattathias to give and receive pledges of friendship. 20 So when these proposals had been long considered, and the leader had made the troops acquainted therewith, and it appeared that they were all of like mind, they consented to the covenants. 21 And they appointed a day on which to meet together by themselves. And a litter was borne forward from each army; they set chairs of state; 22 Judas stationed armed men ready in convenient places, lest haply there should suddenly be treachery on the part of the enemy; they held such conference as was meet. 23 Nicanor tarried in Jerusalem, and did nothing to cause disturbance, but dismissed the flocks of people that had gathered together. 24 And he kept Judas always in his presence; he had gained a hearty affection for the man; 25 he urged him to marry and beget children; he married, settled quietly, took part in common life.
26 But Alcimus, perceiving the good will that was between them, and and having got possession of the covenants that had been made, came to Demetrius and told him that Nicanor was ill affected toward the state, for he had appointed that conspirator against his kingdom, Judas, to be his successor. 27 And the king, falling into a rage, and being exasperated by the calumnnies of that most wicked man, wrote to Nicanor, signifying that he was displeased at the covenants, and commanding him to send Maccabaeus prisoner to Antioch in all haste. 28 And when this message came to Nicanor, he was confounded, and was sore troubled at the thought of annulling the articles that had been agreed upon, the man having done no wrong; 29 but because there was no dealing against the king, he watched his time to execute this purpose by stratagem. 30 But Maccabaeus, when he perceived that Nicanor was behaving more harshly in his dealings with him, and that he had become ruler in his customary bearing, understanding that this harshness came not of good, gathered together not a few of his men, and concealed himself from Nicanor.
31 But the other, though when he became aware that he had been bravely defeated by the stratagem of the Judas, came to the great and holy temple, while the priests were offering the usual sacrifices, and commanded them to deliver up the man. 32 And when they declared with oaths that they had no knowledge where the man was whom he sought, 33 he stretched forth his right hand toward the sanctuary, and sware this oath: If you⌃ will not deliver up to me Judas as a prisoner, I will lay this temple of God even with the ground, and will break down the altar, and I will erect here a temple to Bacchus for all to see. 34 And having said this, he departed. But the priests, stretching forth their hands toward heaven, called upon him that ever fights for our nation, in these words: 35 You, O O Lord of the universe, who in yourself have need of nothing, was well pleased that a sanctuary of your habitation should be set among us; 36 so now, O holy Lord of all hallowing, keep undefiled for ever this house that has been lately cleansed.
37 Now information was given to Nicanor against one Razis, an elder of Jerusalem, who as being a lover of his countrymen and a man of very good report, and one called Father of the Jews for his good will toward them. 38 For in the former times when there was no mingling with the Gentiles he had been accused of cleaving to the Jews’ religion, and had jeoparded body and life with all earnestness for the religion of the Jews. 39 And Nicanor, wishing to make evident the ill will that he bare to the Jews, sent above five hundred soldiers to take him; 40 for he thought by taking him to inflict a calamity upon them. 41 But when the troops were on the point of taking the tower, and were forcing the door of the court, and bade bring fire and burn the doors, he being surrounded on every side fell upon his sword, 42 choosing rather to die nobly than to fall into the hands of the wicked wretches, and suffer outrage unworthy of his own nobleness: 43 but since he missed his stroke through the excitement of the struggle, and the crowds were now rushing within the door, he ran bravely up to the wall and cast himself down manfully among the crowds. 44 But as they quickly gave back, a space was made, and he fell on the middle of the his side. 45 And having yet breath within him, and being inflamed with passion, he rose up, and though his blood gushed out in streams and his wounds were grievous, he ran through the crowds, and standing upon a steep rock, 46 when as his blood was now well near spent, he drew forth his bowels through the wound, and taking them in both his hands he shook them at the crowds; and calling upon him who is Lord of life the life and the spirit to restore him Somethe these again, he thus died.
1:3+1:3Gr.1:3wills.1:8+1:8Or,1:8porch1:8+1:8Gr.1:8loaves1:14+See1:142 Maccabees 8:91:15+1:15Gr.1:15them.1:16+1:16Gr.struck1:16down as with a thunderbolt.1:16+Or,1:16his company1:18+The1:18Greek text here is corrupt.1:21+1:21Gr.the1:21things of the sacrifices.Similarily1:21in verses 31, 33, and 2 Maccabees 2:10.1:31+Some1:31authorities readthat1:31great stones should inclose the water that was left.Both1:31the Greek text and the meaning of this verse and the next are uncertain.1:32+1:32Or,but1:32it spent itself, whereas the...shone still.1:32+1:32Or,shone1:32back2:4+2:4Gr.and2:4when.The2:4Greek text here is probably corrupt.2:5+2:5Gr.a2:5cavernous chamber.2:7+2:7Gr.gather2:7together a gathering of the people.2:8+2:8Or,cloud,2:8as...temple. As Moses2:11+See2:11Leviticus 10:16 and 9:24.2:13+2:13Or,2:13also2:13+2:13Or,Nehemiah’s2:13records2:18+2:18Gr.2:18the2:18earthunder2:18heaven.2:19+2:19Gr.2:19greatest.2:21+2:21Gr.took2:21for a prey.2:22+2:22Gr.2:22propitious.2:24+Or,2:24weariness2:25+Or,2:25the past2:28+2:28Or,making2:28no effort2:28+2:28Or,enlarge2:28on2:29+2:29Gr.2:29foundation.2:29+2:29Gr.decorate2:29in encaustic.2:30+2:30Or,provide2:30a place for discussions2:32+2:32Or,spoken2:32of3:4+3:4Or,charge3:4of the buildings3:4Gr.office3:4of aedile.3:5+3:5Or,3:5ThraseasThe3:5Greek text is probably corrupt. Perhaps the true reading isApollonius3:5of Tarsus.3:9+Some3:9authorities readand3:9of the city.3:9+3:9Or,3:9him3:11+Or,3:11and3:11notsuch3:11a manas3:11that impious Simon slanderously alleged3:13+Some3:13authorities readthe3:13other.3:19+3:19Or,3:19porches3:22+3:22Gr.safe3:22with all security.3:24+3:24Gr.3:24manifestation.3:35+3:35Gr.3:35greatest.3:36+3:36Gr.3:36greatest.4:3+4:3Gr.those4:3that had been approved by Simon.4:4+4:4Or,4:4severity4:4+Compare4:42 Maccabees 4:21. See also 2 Maccabees 3:5. The Greek as commonly read meansApollonius,4:4as4:4beingthe4:4governor...Phoenicia, did rage, and increase etc.4:5+4:5Gr.4:5multitude.4:9+4:9Gr.through4:9his.4:14+4:14Or,take4:14part in the unlawful provision for the palaestra4:14+4:14Or,4:14tothe4:14game ofthe4:14discus4:17+4:17Or,this4:17the due seasonof4:17requitalwill4:17make plain4:19+See4:19ver 9.4:19+4:19Or,reserve4:19for4:20+Some4:20authorities readthe4:20bearers.4:21+The4:21exact meaning of the Greek word is uncertain.4:23+4:23Or,4:23conveyto4:23him4:23reports4:24+The4:24Greek text of this verse is uncertain.4:24+4:24Or,4:24him4:24+4:24Or,4:24by4:24flatteringthe4:24dignity of his authority4:27+4:27Gr.was4:27in due order.4:29+4:29Gr.4:29successor.4:31+4:31Gr.4:31successor.4:34+4:34Or,to4:34get Onias into his hands4:34+The4:34Greek text of this sentence is probably corrupt.4:34+4:34Or,imprisoned4:34him4:34Gr.shut4:34him off.4:36+4:36Or,in4:36the several cities4:38+4:38Or,tore4:38his4:50+4:50Or,growing4:50in4:50+4:50Gr.established4:50as a.5:3+5:3Or,5:3charges5:4+5:4Gr.5:4manifestation.5:5+5:5Gr.5:5perpetrated.5:8+The5:8Greek text here is uncertain.5:9+See5:91 Maccabees 12:7.5:23+Some5:23authorities readtoward5:23the Jews, he sent.The5:23Greek text of this sentence is uncertain.5:23+Compare5:232 Maccabees 4:9, 19; 9:19.5:24+5:24Gr.5:24mysarch,which5:24also may meanruler5:24of the Mysians.5:27+5:27Gr.the5:27grassy food.6:1+6:1Or,Geron6:1an Athenian6:2+6:2Gr.6:2Zeus.6:2+6:2Gr.6:2Zeus.6:2+6:2Or,6:2did6:4+6:4Or,idled6:4with their fellows6:5+6:5Or,the6:5altar6:7+6:7Gr.feast6:7of Dionysia.6:7+6:7Gr.6:7Dionysus.6:15+6:15Or,when6:15our sins be come to their height6:15+6:15Gr.6:15end.6:23+The6:23Greek text appears to be corrupt.6:23+Some6:23authorities readmanner6:23of life.6:23+6:23Or,but6:23yet more6:23+6:23Gr.6:23legislation.6:25+6:25Or,while6:25I shall get6:28+6:28Gr.one6:28that has left behind.6:29+The6:29Greek text of this verse is uncertain.6:29+6:29Gr.the6:29aforesaid words were.6:30+6:30Or,6:30blows7:5+7:5Gr.7:5useless.7:6+7:6Or,comforted7:6in7:6+See7:6Deuteronomy 31:21 and 32:36.7:6+7:6Or,comforted7:6in7:16+7:16Gr.7:16him.7:22+7:22Or,7:22breath7:23+7:23Or,first7:23origin7:23+7:23Or,first7:23origin7:23+7:23Or,7:23breath7:24+7:24Gr.make7:24him one that is counted happy.7:24+See7:242 Maccabees 8:9.7:36+7:36Gr.short7:36pain of ever-flowing life.7:36+7:36Gr.7:36fallen.By7:36the omission of one Greek letter the words would signifyhaving7:36endured a short pain, have now drunk of ever-flowing life under God’s covenant.7:37+7:37Gr.7:37propitious.7:38+Some7:38authorities readmay7:38be stayed.8:4+8:4Gr.8:4destruction.8:4+8:4Gr.concerning8:4the blasphemies.8:6+The8:6Greek text of verses 6 and 7 is uncertain.8:9+See8:91 Maccabees 10:65. Compare 2 Maccabees 1:14; 7:24; 10:13; 14:11; 1 Maccabees 2:18.8:10+8:10Or,8:10resolved8:11+8:11Gr.8:11bodies.8:11+8:11Gr.8:11bodies.8:13+The8:13Greek text here is uncertain.8:20+8:20Gr.8:20Galatians.8:20+Some8:20authorities read8:20eight.8:22+8:22Gr.appointing8:22his brethren also leaders.8:24+8:24Gr.disabled8:24in their limbs.8:25+8:25Or,8:25while8:27+The8:27exact meaning of this clause is uncertain.8:27+8:27Gr.their8:27arms...the spoils of the enemy.8:28+8:28Or,8:28wounded8:28Gr.shamefully8:28handled.8:30+8:30Or,8:30wounded8:30Gr.shamefully8:30handled.8:31+The8:31exact meaning of this clause is uncertain.8:31+8:31Gr.of8:31them.8:32+That8:32is, probably, the captain of an irregular auxiliary force. Some write8:32Phylarches,as8:32a proper name.8:33+The8:33Greek text here is perhaps corrupt.8:33+8:33Or,8:33country8:33+8:33Or,8:33porches8:33+8:33Or,a8:33solitary hut8:35+8:35Gr.having8:35made himself solitary.8:35+8:35Or,having8:35won the greatest possible favor by reason of the destruction of his host8:36+8:36Or,because8:36of this8:36theirway8:36of life8:36Gr.because8:36of this manner.9:1+9:1Or,with9:1dishonor9:2+9:2Or,9:2temples9:2+Or,9:2the people of the country9:2turned9:4+9:4Or,in9:4his spirit9:5+9:5Gr.9:5remediless.9:8+9:8Or,showing9:8manifestly to all the power of God9:12+Some9:12authorities readbe9:12minded as9:12ifequal9:12to God.9:14+9:14Gr.9:14build.9:20+9:20Or,You⌃9:20fare well, and your children; and your affairs are to your mind.The9:20Greek text in verses 20 and 21 is uncertain.10:3+10:3Gr.10:3firing.10:6+10:6Or,not10:6long before they kept the feast of tabernacles by wandering10:9+10:9Gr.such10:9were the10:9eventsof10:9the end10:10+That10:10is,son10:10of a good father.10:10+10:10Or,10:10chief10:12+10:12Or,settle10:12his relations with10:13+See10:132 Maccabees 8:910:13+The10:13Greek text here is corrupt.10:24+10:24Or,10:24horses10:26+10:26Gr.10:26propitious.10:26+See10:26Exodus 23:22.10:27+10:27Gr.were10:27by themselves.10:29+Some10:29authorities readand10:29leading on the Jews; who also, taking.10:32+See10:32ver 37.10:35+10:35Gr.passion10:35as of wild beasts.11:3+11:3Or,on11:3all the sacred places of the heathen11:5+The11:5Greek text here is uncertain.11:8+11:8Gr.a11:8panoply.11:9+11:9Gr.11:9wound.11:14+The11:14Greek text here is corrupt.11:16+11:16Gr.11:16multitude.11:17+11:17Or,11:17document11:20+11:20Or,but11:20as to this.11:21+This11:21name is not found elsewhere, and is perhaps corrupt.11:23+11:23Or,should11:23not be disquieted but11:25+11:25Or,11:25disquiet11:30+11:30Gr.right11:30hand.11:38+11:38Gr.Be11:38in good health.12:4+12:4Gr.they12:4also.12:4+12:4Gr.12:4after.12:11+12:11Gr.12:11them.12:13+The12:13relation between the names12:13Gephyrun12:13and12:13Caspinis12:13unknown, and perhaps the Greek text is corrupt. Compare12:13Gephrun,the12:13name of a city of Gilead mentioned by Polybius, 5.70.12.; and12:13Casphor,112:13Maccabees 5:26, 36.12:17+That12:17is,men12:17of Tob:see12:17Judges 11:3, 2 Samuel 10:6, and compare 1 Maccabees 5:13.12:20+12:20Gr.12:20them.12:21+12:21Compare12:21Carnain,112:21Maccabees 5:26, 43, 44.12:24+12:24Gr.12:24jugglery.12:24+12:24Gr.and12:24the result will be that these be disregarded.The12:24Greek text here is perhaps corrupt.12:24+12:24Or,have12:24been shewn12:26+12:26Compare12:26Carnain,112:26Maccabees 5:26, 43, 44.12:27+The12:27Greek text here is perhaps corrupt.12:27+12:27Gr.in12:27front of.12:28+Some12:28authorities read12:28weight.12:28+12:28Or,his12:28enemies12:35+The12:35Greek text is uncertain.12:35+Compare12:351 Maccabees 5:65.12:38+12:38Gr.12:38Odollam.12:39+The12:39Greek text here is uncertain.12:39+12:39Or,and12:39to bring them back to be with their kinsmen in the sepulchres12:40+Perhaps12:40these were consecrated images of the idols.12:45+12:45Gr.fall12:45asleep.12:45+12:45Or,on12:45the side of godliness13:2+The13:2Greek text here is corrupt.13:4+13:4Or,13:4spirit13:4+The13:4Greek text here is perhaps corrupt.13:5+13:5Gr.contrivance13:5or machine.13:5+13:5Or,sloping13:5steeply13:6+The13:6Greek text here is probably corrupt.13:8+13:8Gr.13:8about.13:9+Some13:9authorities read13:9indignant.13:12+13:12Gr.and13:12implored.13:13+Some13:13authorities readthe13:13Lord.13:14+Some13:14authorities read13:14Creator.13:14+13:14Or,mode13:14of life13:15+13:15Gr.13:15court.13:15+The13:15Greek text here is probably corrupt.13:15+13:15Gr.13:15camp.13:15+The13:15Greek text here is probably corrupt.13:15+13:15Gr.13:15house.13:16+13:16Gr.13:16camp.13:17+13:17Gr.13:17him.13:24+The13:24form of this word is uncertain. Compare13:24Girzites13:24(or13:24Gizrites),113:24Samuel 27:8. One manuscript reads13:24Gerarenes.13:26+13:26Gr.came13:26forward to the tribune13:26orjudgement13:26seat.14:6+That14:6is,14:6Chasidim.14:7+Some14:7authorities reada14:7second time.14:9+14:9Or,is14:9hardly bestead14:11+14:11Or,14:11the14:11king’sFriends14:11likewise14:11+See14:112 Maccabees 8:9.14:13+14:13Gr.14:13greatest.14:14+14:14Or,they14:14that had fled before Judas all over Judaea thronged14:14+See14:142 Maccabees 5:27.14:16+The14:16Greek text of this verse and the next is corrupt.14:17+14:17Or,and14:17had received a check, yet not till late by reason of the sudden consternation of his adversaries14:20+14:20Or,14:20people14:20Gr.14:20multitudes.14:26+14:26Or,and14:26the covenants that had been made, took occasion and came14:31+14:31Or,though14:31he was conscious that he had been nobly defeated by14:31+14:31Gr.the14:31man.14:31+14:31Gr.14:31greatest.14:33+14:33Or,14:33chapel14:33Gr.14:33inclosure.14:33+14:33Gr.14:33Dionysus.14:35+14:35Or,O14:35Lord, who in yourself have no need of the universe14:35+14:35Gr.14:35tabernacling.14:37+14:37Or,who14:37was a lover14:41+14:41Or,14:41people14:41Gr.14:41multitudes.14:44+14:44Or,the14:44void place14:46+14:46Or.life14:46and spirit14:46+14:46Or,14:46breath14:46+Some14:46authorities readthe14:46same.