Now about that time it befell that Antiochus had returned with in disorder from the region of Persia. For he had entered into the city called Persepolis, and he assayed to rob a temple and to hold down the city. Whereupon there was an onset of the multitudes, and Or, Antiochus and his men turned to make defence with arms; and it came to pass that Antiochus was put to flight by the people of the country and broke up his camp with disgrace. And while he was at Ecbatana, news was brought him what had happened to Nicanor and the forces of Timotheus. And being lifted up in by his passion he thought to make the Jews suffer even for the evil-doing of those that had put him to rout. Wherefore, the judgement from heaven even now accompanying him, he gave order to his charioteer to drive without ceasing and despatch the journey; for thus he arrogantly spoke: I will make Jerusalem a common graveyard of Jews, when I come there. But the All-seeing Lord, the God of Israel, struck him with a fatal and invisible stroke; and as soon as he had ceased speaking this word, an incurable pain of the bowels seized him, and bitter torments of the inner parts; and that most justly, for he had tormented other men’s bowels with many and strange sufferings. But he in no wise ceased from his rude insolence; nay, still more was he filled with arrogancy, breathing fire in his passion against the Jews, and commanding to haste the journey. But it came to pass moreover that he fell from his chariot as it rushed along, and having a grievous fall was racked in all the members of his body. And he that but now supposed himself to have the waves of the sea at his bidding, so vainglorious was he beyond the condition of a man, and that thought to weigh the heights of the mountains in a balance, was now brought to the ground and carried in a litter, showing showing to all that the power was manifestly God’s; so that out of the body of the impious man worms swarmed, and while he was still living in anguish and pains, his flesh fell off, and by reason of the stench all the army turned with loathing from his corruption. 10 And the man that a little before supposed himself to touch the stars of heaven, no one could endure to carry for his intolerable stench. 11 Hereupon therefore he began in great part to cease from his arrogancy, being broken in spirit, and to come to knowledge under the scourge of God, his pains increasing every moment. 12 And when he himself could not abide his own smell, he said these words: It is right to be subject to God, and that one who is mortal should not Somebeequal be minded arrogantly. 13 And the vile man vowed to the sovereign Lord, who now no more would have pity upon him, saying on this wise: 14 that the holy city, to the which he was going in haste, to lay it even with the ground and to make it a common graveyard, he would declare free; 15 and as touching the Jews, whom he had decided not even to count worthy of burial, but to cast them out to the beasts with their infants, for the birds to devour, he would make them all equal to citizens of Athens; 16 and the holy sanctuary, which before he had spoiled, he would adorn with goodliest offerings, and would restore all the sacred vessels many times multiplied, and out of his own revenues would defray the charges that were required for the sacrifices; 17 and, beside all this, that he would become a Jew, and would visit every inhabited place, publishing abroad the might of God. 18 But when his sufferings did in no wise cease, for the judgement of God had come upon him in righteousness, having given up all hope of himself, he wrote to the Jews the letter written below, having the nature of a supplication, to this effect:
19 To the worthy Jews, his fellow-citizens, Antiochus, king and general, wishes much joy and health and prosperity. 20  You⌃The May you⌃ and your children fare well; and your affairs shall be to your mind. Having my hope in heaven, 21 I remembered with affection your honor and good will toward me. Returning out of the region of Persia, and being taken with a noisome sickness, I deemed it necessary to take thought for the common safety of all, 22 not despairing of myself, but having great hope to escape from the sickness. 23 But considering that my father also, at what time he led an army into the upper country, appointed his successor, 24 to the end that, if anything fell out contrary to expectation, or if any unwelcome tidings were brought, they that remained in the country, knowing to whom the state had been left, might not be troubled; 25 and, beside all this, observing how that the princes that are borderers and neighbors to my kingdom watch opportunities, and look for the future event, I have appointed my son Antiochus to be king, whom I often committed and commended to most of you, when I was hastening to the upper provinces; and I have written to him what is written below. 26 I exhort you therefore and beseech you, having in your remembrance the benefits done to you in common and severally, to preserve each of you your present good will toward me and my son. 27 For I am persuaded that he in gentleness and kindness will follow my purpose and treat you with indulgence.
28 So the murderer and blasphemer, having endured the sorest sufferings, even as he had dealt with other men, ended his life among the mountains by a most piteous fate in a strange land. 29 And Philip his foster-brother conveyed the body home; and then, fearing the son of Antiochus, he betook himself to Ptolemy Philometor in Egypt.
1:3+1:3Gr.1:3wills.1:8+1:8Or,1:8porch1:8+1:8Gr.1:8loaves1:14+See1:142 Maccabees 8:91:15+1:15Gr.1:15them.1:16+1:16Gr.struck1:16down as with a thunderbolt.1:16+Or,1:16his company1:18+The1:18Greek text here is corrupt.1:21+1:21Gr.the1:21things of the sacrifices.Similarily1:21in verses 31, 33, and 2 Maccabees 2:10.1:31+Some1:31authorities readthat1:31great stones should inclose the water that was left.Both1:31the Greek text and the meaning of this verse and the next are uncertain.1:32+1:32Or,but1:32it spent itself, whereas the...shone still.1:32+1:32Or,shone1:32back2:4+2:4Gr.and2:4when.The2:4Greek text here is probably corrupt.2:5+2:5Gr.a2:5cavernous chamber.2:7+2:7Gr.gather2:7together a gathering of the people.2:8+2:8Or,cloud,2:8as...temple. As Moses2:11+See2:11Leviticus 10:16 and 9:24.2:13+2:13Or,2:13also2:13+2:13Or,Nehemiah’s2:13records2:18+2:18Gr.2:18the2:18earthunder2:18heaven.2:19+2:19Gr.2:19greatest.2:21+2:21Gr.took2:21for a prey.2:22+2:22Gr.2:22propitious.2:24+Or,2:24weariness2:25+Or,2:25the past2:28+2:28Or,making2:28no effort2:28+2:28Or,enlarge2:28on2:29+2:29Gr.2:29foundation.2:29+2:29Gr.decorate2:29in encaustic.2:30+2:30Or,provide2:30a place for discussions2:32+2:32Or,spoken2:32of3:4+3:4Or,charge3:4of the buildings3:4Gr.office3:4of aedile.3:5+3:5Or,3:5ThraseasThe3:5Greek text is probably corrupt. Perhaps the true reading isApollonius3:5of Tarsus.3:9+Some3:9authorities readand3:9of the city.3:9+3:9Or,3:9him3:11+Or,3:11and3:11notsuch3:11a manas3:11that impious Simon slanderously alleged3:13+Some3:13authorities readthe3:13other.3:19+3:19Or,3:19porches3:22+3:22Gr.safe3:22with all security.3:24+3:24Gr.3:24manifestation.3:35+3:35Gr.3:35greatest.3:36+3:36Gr.3:36greatest.4:3+4:3Gr.those4:3that had been approved by Simon.4:4+4:4Or,4:4severity4:4+Compare4:42 Maccabees 4:21. See also 2 Maccabees 3:5. The Greek as commonly read meansApollonius,4:4as4:4beingthe4:4governor...Phoenicia, did rage, and increase etc.4:5+4:5Gr.4:5multitude.4:9+4:9Gr.through4:9his.4:14+4:14Or,take4:14part in the unlawful provision for the palaestra4:14+4:14Or,4:14tothe4:14game ofthe4:14discus4:17+4:17Or,this4:17the due seasonof4:17requitalwill4:17make plain4:19+See4:19ver 9.4:19+4:19Or,reserve4:19for4:20+Some4:20authorities readthe4:20bearers.4:21+The4:21exact meaning of the Greek word is uncertain.4:23+4:23Or,4:23conveyto4:23him4:23reports4:24+The4:24Greek text of this verse is uncertain.4:24+4:24Or,4:24him4:24+4:24Or,4:24by4:24flatteringthe4:24dignity of his authority4:27+4:27Gr.was4:27in due order.4:29+4:29Gr.4:29successor.4:31+4:31Gr.4:31successor.4:34+4:34Or,to4:34get Onias into his hands4:34+The4:34Greek text of this sentence is probably corrupt.4:34+4:34Or,imprisoned4:34him4:34Gr.shut4:34him off.4:36+4:36Or,in4:36the several cities4:38+4:38Or,tore4:38his4:50+4:50Or,growing4:50in4:50+4:50Gr.established4:50as a.5:3+5:3Or,5:3charges5:4+5:4Gr.5:4manifestation.5:5+5:5Gr.5:5perpetrated.5:8+The5:8Greek text here is uncertain.5:9+See5:91 Maccabees 12:7.5:23+Some5:23authorities readtoward5:23the Jews, he sent.The5:23Greek text of this sentence is uncertain.5:23+Compare5:232 Maccabees 4:9, 19; 9:19.5:24+5:24Gr.5:24mysarch,which5:24also may meanruler5:24of the Mysians.5:27+5:27Gr.the5:27grassy food.6:1+6:1Or,Geron6:1an Athenian6:2+6:2Gr.6:2Zeus.6:2+6:2Gr.6:2Zeus.6:2+6:2Or,6:2did6:4+6:4Or,idled6:4with their fellows6:5+6:5Or,the6:5altar6:7+6:7Gr.feast6:7of Dionysia.6:7+6:7Gr.6:7Dionysus.6:15+6:15Or,when6:15our sins be come to their height6:15+6:15Gr.6:15end.6:23+The6:23Greek text appears to be corrupt.6:23+Some6:23authorities readmanner6:23of life.6:23+6:23Or,but6:23yet more6:23+6:23Gr.6:23legislation.6:25+6:25Or,while6:25I shall get6:28+6:28Gr.one6:28that has left behind.6:29+The6:29Greek text of this verse is uncertain.6:29+6:29Gr.the6:29aforesaid words were.6:30+6:30Or,6:30blows7:5+7:5Gr.7:5useless.7:6+7:6Or,comforted7:6in7:6+See7:6Deuteronomy 31:21 and 32:36.7:6+7:6Or,comforted7:6in7:16+7:16Gr.7:16him.7:22+7:22Or,7:22breath7:23+7:23Or,first7:23origin7:23+7:23Or,first7:23origin7:23+7:23Or,7:23breath7:24+7:24Gr.make7:24him one that is counted happy.7:24+See7:242 Maccabees 8:9.7:36+7:36Gr.short7:36pain of ever-flowing life.7:36+7:36Gr.7:36fallen.By7:36the omission of one Greek letter the words would signifyhaving7:36endured a short pain, have now drunk of ever-flowing life under God’s covenant.7:37+7:37Gr.7:37propitious.7:38+Some7:38authorities readmay7:38be stayed.8:4+8:4Gr.8:4destruction.8:4+8:4Gr.concerning8:4the blasphemies.8:6+The8:6Greek text of verses 6 and 7 is uncertain.8:9+See8:91 Maccabees 10:65. Compare 2 Maccabees 1:14; 7:24; 10:13; 14:11; 1 Maccabees 2:18.8:10+8:10Or,8:10resolved8:11+8:11Gr.8:11bodies.8:11+8:11Gr.8:11bodies.8:13+The8:13Greek text here is uncertain.8:20+8:20Gr.8:20Galatians.8:20+Some8:20authorities read8:20eight.8:22+8:22Gr.appointing8:22his brethren also leaders.8:24+8:24Gr.disabled8:24in their limbs.8:25+8:25Or,8:25while8:27+The8:27exact meaning of this clause is uncertain.8:27+8:27Gr.their8:27arms...the spoils of the enemy.8:28+8:28Or,8:28wounded8:28Gr.shamefully8:28handled.8:30+8:30Or,8:30wounded8:30Gr.shamefully8:30handled.8:31+The8:31exact meaning of this clause is uncertain.8:31+8:31Gr.of8:31them.8:32+That8:32is, probably, the captain of an irregular auxiliary force. Some write8:32Phylarches,as8:32a proper name.8:33+The8:33Greek text here is perhaps corrupt.8:33+8:33Or,8:33country8:33+8:33Or,8:33porches8:33+8:33Or,a8:33solitary hut8:35+8:35Gr.having8:35made himself solitary.8:35+8:35Or,having8:35won the greatest possible favor by reason of the destruction of his host8:36+8:36Or,because8:36of this8:36theirway8:36of life8:36Gr.because8:36of this manner.9:1+9:1Or,with9:1dishonor9:2+9:2Or,9:2temples9:2+Or,9:2the people of the country9:2turned9:4+9:4Or,in9:4his spirit9:5+9:5Gr.9:5remediless.9:8+9:8Or,showing9:8manifestly to all the power of God9:12+Some9:12authorities readbe9:12minded as9:12ifequal9:12to God.9:14+9:14Gr.9:14build.9:20+9:20Or,You⌃9:20fare well, and your children; and your affairs are to your mind.The9:20Greek text in verses 20 and 21 is uncertain.