And Judas heard of the fame of the Romans, that they are valiant men, and have pleasure in all that join themselves to them, and make amity with all such as come to them, and that they are valiant men. And they told him of their wars and exploits which they do among the Gauls, and how that they conquered them, and brought them under tribute; and what things they did in the land of Spain, that they might become masters of the mines of silver and gold which were there; and how that by their policy and persistence they conquered all the place (and the place was exceeding far from them), and the kings that came against them from the uttermost part of the earth, until they had discomfited them, and struck them very sore; and how the rest give them tribute year by year: and Philip, and Perseus, king of Chittim, and them that lifted up themselves against them, did they discomfit in battle, and conquered them: Antiochus also, the great king of Asia, who came against them to battle, having a hundred and twenty elephants, with horse, and chariots, and an exceeding great host, and he was discomfited by them, and they took him alive, and appointed that both he and such as reigned after him should give them a great tribute, and should give hostages, and a parcel of land, to wit, the country of India, and Media, and Lydia, and of the goodliest of their countries; and they took them from him, and gave them to king Eumenes: and how they of Greece took counsel to come and destroy them; 10 and the thing was known to them, and they sent against them a captain, and fought against them, and many of them fell down wounded to death, and they made captive their wives and their children, and spoiled them, and conquered their land, and pulled down their strongholds, and spoiled them, and brought them into bondage to this day: 11 and the residue of the kingdoms and of the isles, as many as rose up against them at any time, they destroyed and made them to be their servants; 12 but with their friends and such as relied upon them they kept amity; and they conquered the kingdoms that were near and those that were far off, and all that heard of their fame were afraid of them: 13 moreover, whoever they will to succour and to make kings, these do they make kings; and whoever they will, do they depose; and they are exalted exceedingly: 14 and for all this none of them did ever put on a diadem, neither did they clothe themselves with purple, to be magnified thereby: 15 and how they had made for themselves a senate house, and day by day three hundred and twenty men sat in council, consulting always for the people, to the end they might be well ordered: 16 and how they commit their government to one man year by year, that he should rule over them, and be lord over all their country, and all are obedient to that one, and there is neither envy nor emulation among them.
17 And Judas chose Eupolemus the son of John, the son of Accos, and Jason the son of Eleazar, and sent them to Rome, to make a league of amity and confederacy with them, 18 and that they should take the yoke from them; for they saw that the kingdom of the Greeks did keep Israel in bondage. 19 And they went to Rome (and the way was exceeding long), and they entered into the senate house, and answered and said, 20 Judas, who is also called Maccabaeus, and his brethren, and the people of the Jews, have sent us to you, to make a confederacy and peace with you, and that we might be registered your confederates and friends.
21 And the thing was well-pleasing in their sight. 22 And this is the copy of the writing which they wrote back again on tables of brass, and sent to Jerusalem, that it might be with them there for a memorial of peace and confederacy:
23 Good success be to the Romans, and to the nation of the Jews, by sea and by land for ever: the sword also and the enemy be far from them. 24 But if war arise for Rome first, or any of their confederates in all their dominion, 25 the nation of the Jews shall help them as confederates, as the occasion shall prescribe to them, with all their heart: 26 and to them that make war upon them they shall not give, neither supply, food, arms, money, or ships, as it has seemed good to Rome, and they shall keep their ordinances without taking anything therefore. 27 In the same manner, moreover, if war come first upon the nation of the Jews, the Romans shall help them as confederates with all their soul, as the occasion shall prescribe to them: 28 and to them that are confederates with their foes there shall not be given food, arms, money, or ships, as it has seemed good to Rome; and they shall keep these ordinances, and that without deceit. 29 According to these words have the Romans made a covenant thus with the people of the Jews. 30 But if hereafter the one party and the other shall take counsel to add or diminish anything, they shall do it at their pleasure, and whatever they shall add or take away shall be established. 31 And as touching the evils which king Demetrius does to them, we have written to him, saying, Wherefore have you made your yoke heavy upon our friends and confederates the Jews? 32 If therefore they plead any more against you, we will do them justice, and fight with you by sea and by land.
1:1+That1:1is, the Greek Empire. Compare 1 Maccabees 1:10 and 1 Maccabees 6:2.1:10+circa1:10B.C 176.1:11+1:11Or,1:11nations:and1:11so throughout this book.1:13+1:13Or,1:13nations:and1:13so throughout this book.1:14+See1:142 Maccabees 4:9, 12.1:14+1:14Or,1:14nations:and1:14so throughout this book.1:15+1:15Or,1:15nations:and1:15so throughout this book1:17+1:17Gr.1:17heavy.1:17+1:17Or,1:17armament1:20+circa1:20B.C 170. See 2 Maccabees 5:11-16.1:20+1:20Gr.1:20heavy.1:29+See1:292 Maccabees 5:24.1:29+1:29Gr.two1:29years of days.1:29+1:29Gr.1:29heavy.1:39+See1:392 Maccabees 6:6.1:54+circa1:54B.C 168. See 2 Maccabees 5:11.1:54+The1:54two words rendered1:54altarare1:54different in the Greek: and so in 1 Maccabees 1:59.1:54+The1:54two words rendered1:54altarare1:54different in the Greek: and so in 1 Maccabees 1:59.1:59+The1:59two words rendered1:59altarare1:59different in the Greek: and so in 1 Maccabees 1:59.1:60+See1:602 Maccabees 6:10.1:63+See1:632 Maccabees 6:19 and 7:1, etc.2:2+2:2Gr.2:2Joannes.2:8+Some2:8authorities read2:8inglorious.2:18*See2:181 Maccabees 3:38; 10:10, etc.; Compare 1 Maccabees 10:65; 11:27; 2 Macca bees 8:9.2:21+2:21Gr.May2:21he be propitious.Compare2:212 Samuel 23:17 (Septuagint).2:38+2:38Gr.souls2:38of men.2:42+That2:42is,2:42Chasidim.2:48+2:48Gr.gave2:48they a horn to the sinner.2:66+Some2:66ancient authorities readyou⌃2:66shall fight.2:70+circa2:70B.C 167.3:8+3:8Gr.out3:8of it.3:18+Some3:18ancient authorities readthe3:18God of heaven.3:37+circa3:37B.C 166.3:38+See3:381 Maccabees 2:18.3:41+Most3:41of the authorities read3:41servants.3:41+3:41Gr.3:41strangers.4:15+4:15Gr.4:15Gazera.4:22+4:22Gr.4:22strangers.4:24+Or,4:24looking upto4:24heaven4:30+4:30Gr.4:30strangers.4:40+Compare4:40Numbers 31:6.4:40+4:40Gr.trumpets4:40of signals.4:52+circa4:52B.C 165.4:55+4:55Or,gave4:55praise,looking4:55upto4:55heaven, to him which5:4+Compare5:42 Maccabees 10:18-23.5:8+5:8Gr.5:8daughters.Compare5:8Numbers 21:25.5:13+Compare5:132 Maccabees 12:17.5:15+5:15Gr.5:15strangers.5:26+Compare5:262 Maccabees 12:13.5:26+compare5:262 Maccabees 12:21.5:36+See5:361 Maccabees 5:265:43+See5:431 Maccabees 5:26.5:65+5:65Gr.5:65daughters.Compare5:65Numbers 21:25.5:66+5:66Gr.5:66strangers.5:66+5:66Or,5:66MarisaSee5:66Josephus, Antiquities 12:8. 6, and 2 Maccabees 12:35.5:67+Some5:67ancient authorities read5:67they.5:68+5:68Gr.5:68strangers.6:10+See6:101 Maccabees 2:18.6:14+See6:141 Maccabees 2:18.6:16+Circa6:16B.C 164.6:20+circa6:20B.C 163.6:24+6:24Gr.6:24it.6:28+See6:281 Maccabees 2:18.6:33+6:33Or,itself6:33eager for the fight7:1+circa7:1B.C 162.7:8+See7:81 Maccabees 2:18.7:13+That7:13is, Chasidim.7:17+Psalm7:1779:2, 3.7:26+See7:262 Maccabees 14:12.7:32+Some7:32ancient authorities readfive7:32thousand.7:34+7:34Gr.polluted7:34them.7:45+7:45Gr.7:45Gazera.7:45+7:45Gr.trumpets7:45of signals.7:46+7:46Gr.outflanked7:46them.7:47+7:47Gr.stretched7:47them out.7:49+See7:492 Maccabees 15:36.7:50+7:50Gr.a7:50few days.