Jacob went on his way, and the angels of God met him. When he saw them, Jacob said, “This is God’s army.” He called the name of that place Mahanaim.
Jacob sent messengers in front of him to Esau, his brother, to the land of Seir, the field of Edom. He commanded them, saying, “This is what you shall tell my lord, Esau: ‘This is what your servant, Jacob, says. I have lived as a foreigner with Laban, and stayed until now. I have cattle, donkeys, flocks, male servants, and female servants. I have sent to tell my lord, that I may find favor in your sight.’” The messengers returned to Jacob, saying, “We came to your brother Esau. Not only that, but he comes to meet you, and four hundred men with him.” Then Jacob was greatly afraid and was distressed. He divided the people who were with him, and the flocks, and the herds, and the camels, into two companies; and he said, “If Esau comes to the one company, and strikes it, then the company which is left will escape.” Jacob said, “God of my father Abraham, and God of my father Isaac, Yahweh, who said to me, ‘Return to your country, and to your relatives, and I will do you good,’ 10 I am not worthy of the least of all the loving kindnesses, and of all the truth, which you have shown to your servant; for with just my staff I crossed over this Jordan; and now I have become two companies. 11 Please deliver me from the hand of my brother, from the hand of Esau: for I fear him, lest he come and strike me, and the mothers with the children. 12 You said, ‘I will surely do you good, and make your offspring+ as the sand of the sea, which can’t be counted because there are so many.’”
13 He stayed there that night, and took from that which he had with him, a present for Esau, his brother: 14 two hundred female goats and twenty male goats, two hundred ewes and twenty rams, 15 thirty milk camels and their colts, forty cows, ten bulls, twenty female donkeys and ten foals. 16 He delivered them into the hands of his servants, every herd by itself, and said to his servants, “Pass over before me, and put a space between herd and herd.” 17 He commanded the foremost, saying, “When Esau, my brother, meets you, and asks you, saying, ‘Whose are you? Where are you going? Whose are these before you?’ 18 Then you shall say, ‘They are your servant, Jacob’s. It is a present sent to my lord, Esau. Behold, he also is behind us.’” 19 He commanded also the second, and the third, and all that followed the herds, saying, “This is how you shall speak to Esau, when you find him. 20 You shall say, ‘Not only that, but behold, your servant, Jacob, is behind us.’” For, he said, “I will appease him with the present that goes before me, and afterward I will see his face. Perhaps he will accept me.”
21 So the present passed over before him, and he himself stayed that night in the camp.
22 He rose up that night, and took his two wives, and his two servants, and his eleven sons, and crossed over the ford of the Jabbok. 23 He took them, and sent them over the stream, and sent over that which he had. 24 Jacob was left alone, and wrestled with a man there until the breaking of the day. 25 When he saw that he didn’t prevail against him, he touched the hollow of his thigh, and the hollow of Jacob’s thigh was strained, as he wrestled. 26 The man said, “Let me go, for the day breaks.”
Jacob said, “I won’t let you go, unless you bless me.”
27 He said to him, “What is your name?”
He said, “Jacob”. 28 He said, “Your name will no longer be called Jacob, but Israel; for you have fought with God and with men, and have prevailed.”
29 Jacob asked him, “Please tell me your name.”
He said, “Why is it that you ask what my name is?” He blessed him there.
30 Jacob called the name of the place Peniel+: for, he said, “I have seen God face to face, and my life is preserved.” 31 The sun rose on him as he passed over Peniel, and he limped because of his thigh. 32 Therefore the children of Israel don’t eat the sinew of the hip, which is on the hollow of the thigh, to this day, because he touched the hollow of Jacob’s thigh in the sinew of the hip.
+1:1The Hebrew word rendered “God” is “אֱלֹהִ֑ים” (Elohim).+1:29“Behold”, from “הִנֵּה”, means look at, take notice, observe, see, or gaze at. It is often used as an interjection.+2:4“Yahweh” is God’s proper Name, sometimes rendered “LORD” (all caps) in other translations.+2:12or, aromatic resin+2:18or, suitable for, or appropriate for.+3:24cherubim are powerful angelic creatures, messengers of God with wings. See Ezekiel 10.+4:1or, lay with, or, had relations with+4:1or, became pregnant+5:2“Adam” and “Man” are spelled with the exact same consonants in Hebrew, so this can be correctly translated either way.+6:4or, giants+6:15A cubit is the length from the tip of the middle finger to the elbow on a man’s arm, or about 18 inches or 46 centimeters.+7:20A cubit is the length from the tip of the middle finger to the elbow on a man’s arm, or about 18 inches or 46 centimeters.+12:7or, seed+13:16or, seed+15:2The word translated “Lord” is “Adonai”.+15:3or, seed+15:5or, seed+15:13or, seed+15:18or, seed+16:10or, seed+16:14Beer Lahai Roi means “well of the one who lives and sees me”.+17:7or, seed+17:7or, seed+17:8or, seed+17:9or, seed+17:10or, seed+17:12or, seed+17:19Isaac means “he laughs”.+17:19or, seed+18:61 seah is about 7 liters or 1.9 gallons or 0.8 pecks+19:22Zoar means “little”.+19:32or, seed+19:34or, seed+21:3Isaac means “He laughs”.+21:12or, seed+21:13or, seed+21:31Beersheba can mean “well of the oath” or “well of seven”.+22:14or, Yahweh-Jireh, or, Yahweh-Seeing+22:17or, seed+22:17or, seed+22:18or, seed+23:15A shekel is about 10 grams, so 400 shekels would be about 4 kg. or 8.8 pounds.+23:16A shekel is about 10 grams, so 400 shekels would be about 4 kg. or 8.8 pounds.+24:7or, seed+24:22A shekel is about 10 grams or about 0.35 ounces.+24:60or, seed+25:30“Edom” means “red”.+26:3or, seed+26:4or, seed+26:4or, seed+26:4or, seed+26:24or, seed+26:33Shibah means “oath” or “seven”.+26:33Beersheba means “well of the oath” or “well of the seven”+28:4or, seed+28:13or, seed+28:14or, seed+28:14or, seed+30:24Joseph means “may he add”.+31:19teraphim were household idols that may have been associated with inheritance rights to the household property.+31:34teraphim were household idols that may have been associated with inheritance rights to the household property.+31:47“Jegar Sahadutha” means “Witness Heap” in Aramaic.+31:47“Galeed” means “Witness Heap” in Hebrew.+32:12or, seed+32:30Peniel means “face of God”.